2: 1024. Gale supposedly comes from old English, gagel, or gaggle, perhaps because it is where geese may congregate? Shrubs, deciduous, much branched, to 1.5 (-2) m. Branchlets purple-black, gland-dotted, glands brownish yellow. We depend on For details, please check with your state. To reuse an Fruit a small pointed nutlet, 3 mm long, greenish-yellow to brown, in brown, cone-like spikes, dotted with resin, persist in winter. Edible Uses. in 20 years). Common names include bog-myrtle,[1] sweet willow, Dutch myrtle,[2] and sweetgale.[3]. Discover thousands of New England plants. [5] In Scotland it has been traditionally used to ward off the Highland midge,[6] and it is marketed as an insect repellent and as an ingredient in some soaps. Occurs only in wetlands . Exact status definitions can vary from state to Can you please help us? Also covers those considered historical (not seen Gale palustris. Treatment appears in FNA Volume 3. [8], Sweetgale can grow in a narrow band in the intertidal zone, especially if logs have been washed into the estuary on which to establish itself. Gale palustris Chev. Sp. ; image, please click it to see who you will need to contact. OBL). (Wetland indicator code: Myrica gale is a species of flowering plant in the family Myricaceae, native to northern and western Europe and parts of northern North America. ... New England Distribution and Conservation Status. The leaves are spirally arranged, simple, 2–5 cm long, oblanceolate with a tapered base and broader tip, and a crinkled or finely toothed margin. Physical Characteristics. County documented: documented Your help is appreciated. sweetgale. Sun to part shade. The foliage has a sweet resinous scent and is a traditional insect repellent, used by campers to keep biting insects out of tents. those considered historical (not seen in 20 years). All rights reserved. Its fragrant, dark-green leaves and fruits (which attract birds) make it a good planting choice for wet areas of the garden. Take a photo and a sighting. Some botanists split the genus into two genera on the basis of the catkin and fruit structure, restricting Myrica to a few species, and treating the others in Morella. Leaf blade oblanceolate to obovate, 1.5-6.5 × 0.5-1.5 cm, ± leathery, base cuneate, margins usually minutely serrate, with 1-4 pairs of teeth usually restricted to distal 1/3 of blade, occasionally entire throughout, apex … evidence (herbarium specimen, photograph). post Myrica gale is a deciduous shrub growing to 1–2 m tall. 1753. Its leaves are sweetly scented. Myrica gale is a deciduous shrub growing to 1–2 m tall. Fruit: Flowers develop into a thick, compact cluster 1/3 to ½ inch long, with flattened, egg-shaped nutlets, each about 1/8 inch long with a stubby beak. Myrica gale L. (My-RIH-kuh GAY-lee) Names: Sweet Gale is also known as Bog Myrtle, or Sweet Bayberry. • Myrica gale L. var. to exist in the county by [7], In 2007 there were plans to increase production of the plant in Scotland for use as an essential oil for treating sensitive skin and acne. Non-native: introduced It teams up with a bacterium in its roots that can fix nitrogen. If male and female … Myrica /mɪˈraɪkə/ is a genus of about 35–50 species of small trees and shrubs in the family Myricaceae, order Fagales. [6] The plant has been listed as an abortifacient and therefore should not be consumed by women who are, or might be, pregnant. Habitats. The Go Botany project is supported [10], species of flowering plant in the family Myricaceae, Lafcadio Hearn, "The Creole Doctor: Some Curiosities of Medicine in Louisiana. Pl. the state. Myrica gale L. Facts. It is hardy to zone... Synonyms. Fern. Myrica is the Greek name for Tamarix. The fruit is a small drupe. Show It is a favorite food of beavers, and low beaver dams can be found in the intertidal zone if sufficient sweetgale is present. Delightful and much used historically, this deciduous shrub is native to the bogs of the northern United States, Canada, and parts of Europe (Scottish Moors!). CT, MA, ME, Myrica gale - L. Summary. M. palustris. Its leaves are sweetly scented. Native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders. If too deep for predation by wading birds juvenile salmon may flourish. Found this plant? Her daughter used some of the plant that grew in her wedding bouquet, starting a royal tradition. Myrica gale. ; tomentosa C. DC. All Characteristics, the leaf blade is linear (very narrow with more or less parallel sides), the leaf blade is oblanceolate (lance-shaped, but with the widest point above the middle of the leaf blade), the leaf blade is obovate (egg-shaped, but with the widest point above the middle of the leaf blade). Go Botany: Native Plant Trust donations to help keep this site free and up to date for Bogs, fens, shores of rivers or lakes, swamps, Occurs only in wetlands. in part by the National Science Foundation. Does well in moist, acidic soils. It typically grows in acidic peat bogs, and to cope with these difficult nitrogen-poor growing conditions, the roots have nitrogen-fixing actinobacteria which enable the plants to grow. State documented: documented [4] In modern times, some brewers have revisited this historic technique and in Denmark and Sweden the plant is commonly used to prepare home-flavoured schnaps. Sweetgale is a small shrub common to bogs and other peatlands. Characteristics. to exist in the state, but not documented to a county within It is also a traditional component of Royal Wedding bouquets and is used variously in perfumery and as a condiment. state. We used Myrica gale, a host species with narrow symbiont specificity, and a set of compatible and noncompatible Frankiastrains. The leaves are spirally arranged, simple, 2–5 cm long, oblanceolate with a tapered base and broader tip, and a crinkled or finely toothed margin. M. gale L. var. Copyright: various copyright holders. In north-western Europe (Germany, Belgium and the Netherlands), it was much used in a mixture called gruit as a flavouring for beer from the Middle Ages to the 16th century, but it fell into disuse after hops supplanted gruit herbs for political and economic reasons. "The Creole Doctor", an 1886 article by Lafcadio Hearn, discusses the uses of the plant, known locally as "cirier batard," in Louisiana creole folk remedies. VT. Peaty and/or gravelly lake and river shores, peatlands, open swamps. It teams up with a... Habitat. RI, Notes: Sweet-gale is a common shoreline shrub of acidic lakes, streams and bogs throughout northeastern Minnesota. The genus has a wide distribution, including Africa, Asia, Europe, North America and South America, and missing only from Australia. M. galefruit exudate phenolics were extracted, and 8 dominant molecules were purified and identified as flavonoids by high-resolution spectroscopic techniques. Sweetgale is a small shrub common to bogs and other peatlands. NH, unintentionally); has become naturalized. All images and text © Also covers Myrica gale is a deciduous Shrub growing to 2 m (6ft) by 1 m (3ft 3in). ", CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (, "Scotland's bog myrtle to fuel second oil boom", "Beaver in tidal marshes: dam effects on low-tide channel pools and fish use of estuarine habitat", https://www.marieclaire.com/celebrity/a33382549/princess-beatrice-wedding-bouquet-meghan-markle-kate-middleton/, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Myrica_gale&oldid=990932475, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 09:51. Wetland Status. you. is shown on the map. The ponds thus formed are often completely submerged at high tide but retain enough water at low tide to provide refuge for fish. populations both exist in a county, only native status 2020 [9], Queen Victoria was given a sprig of myrtle which she planted on the Isle of Wight.